Farsley Farfield Year 2

Join us on our learning adventures.

Wonderful World.

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We are going to learn about the 7 Continents of the World and the 5 Oceans. Over the rest of the year, it would be wonderful if you could also add comments about any interesting places you might visit. We would love it if blog visitors left some information about where they lived, or special places they have visited.

Look at the flags from all the countries which have visited our blog! Where are all those countries? I wonder what they read on our blog?

First here are some brilliant videos.

Our topic is called Wonderful World. Why is the world so wonderful? What can we do to help keep our world wonderful?

Now let’s think about the 7 Continents and 5 Oceans.

Here are some links to websites where you can play games to practise labelling the Continents and Oceans and also find out more information.

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Once you have learned all the Continents and Oceans, you might like to watch this video about the different countries in the world.

Can you find out more information about each of the Continents? Add any links or facts you know to the comments below.

Antartica.

  • Population: Zero! Antarctica is so cold that nobody lives here full time. Lots of scientists come on trips though, to find out about problems like global warming
  • Land Mass: Covering a whopping 5,100,000 square miles (13,209,000 square kilometres), this is the fifth-largest continent on Earth
  • Countries: None! This continent is unlike any other because it has no countries. Instead, there are areas called territories that are claimed by countries including the UKAustralia has taken the biggest slice!
  • Languages: There are loads of different languages spoken here, as scientists come from all over the world

The lowest temperature ever recorded here is -89.2 °C (-128.6 °F). That’s cold enough to freeze you to death in seconds, and to shatter steel with the slightest tap!

Antarctica is the fifth-largest continent in the world, and 99% of its surface is covered in ice. It circles around the South Pole, which is the furthest south you can go.

Antarctica doesn’t have any permanent residents but many scientists work in research stations throughout the year.

Europe

We live in Europe, because the United Kingdom is part of Europe.

Here are some basic facts about Europe.

  • Population: about 740 million. That’s sounds a lot but there are five times that number of people living today in Asia!
  • Land Area: 9,908,600 square kilometres (or 3,825,730 square miles) – it’s about a third of the size of Africa.
  • Countries46 countries (of which 27 are members of the European Union or EU).
  • Highest Peak: Mount Elbrus in Russia stands at 5,643 metres above sea level.
  • Largest Lake: Lake Ladoga in north western Russia has an area of 17,700 square kilometres (6,800 square miles).
  • Smallest Country (by land area and population): Vatican City is a tiny country within the Italian city of Rome. The Pope, the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church, lives here along with its 800 other citizens.
  • Biggest Country (by land area): the Russian Federation is the biggest country by land area, not just in Europe but across the whole world!
  • Languages: there are more than 200 different languages spoken in Europe. The EU recognises 23 languages that are in common use amongst its member countries, where two of every three Europeans live.

Asia. 

Asia is big. It is the largest continent by area (about a third of the world’s land is here), with the most people living on it. For every ten people alive today, six of them live in Asia.



Some facts about Asia.

  • Population: more than 4 billion, yes that’s billion!
  • Land Area: 45,036,490 square kilometres (17,388,690 square miles)
  • Countries48
  • Highest PeakMount Everest, on the border of Nepal and China, rises 8848 metres (29,029 feet) above sea level. This really is the tippy top of the world.
  • Largest LakeCaspian Sea
  • Smallest Country (by land area and population): the Maldives, a country made up of 26 atoll islands found in the Indian Ocean.
  • Biggest Country (by land area): the Russian Federation
  • Largest Nation (of people): China
  • Languages: hundreds spoken, for example India alone has 30 official languages and Indonesia has 12, with many more spoken amongst families at home. English, Arabic and Mandarin Chinese are most common across the continent.

The world’s highest peak is here, Mount Everest. On the border between China and Nepal 110 Himalayan peaks reach over 7,300 metres (23,950 feet) into the sky.

Australia

As Australia is by far the biggest country in this continent, it is often referred to as ‘Australia,’ but the actual continent, also known as ‘Oceania’ combines all of Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, as well as the thousands of coral atolls and volcanic islands of the South Pacific Ocean.

Fact about Oceania.

  • Population: more than 35,000,000 which sounds a lot until you consider that this is only half the size of Europe’s population! Two of every three people in Oceania are Australians.
  • Land Area: 8,923,000 square kilometres (3,445,190 square miles)
  • Highest Peak: Indonesia’s Cartensz Pyramid (or Puncak Jaya) peaks at 4884 metres (16,024 feet) above sea level
  • Largest Lake: Lake Murray, in Papua New Guinea.
  • Countries: Fifteen independent nations plus many different islands governed by other countries, like the Pitcairn Islands where the UK’s Prime Minster is in charge, and France’s tropical paradise of Tahiti.
  • Smallest Country (by land area and population): Nauru is an island nation located north east of Australia – it’s the world’s smallest republic or self-governing place.
  • Biggest Country (by land area and population)Australia of course!
  • Languages: 28 official languages but English is the most widely spoken and understood.

Africa

Facts about Africa.

  • Population: 1 billion, two and half times the number of people living in South America.
  • Land Area: 130,343,580 square kilometres (11,715,720 square miles) which is a fifth of the total land area of the Earth.
  • Countries: 54. How many can you name?
  • Highest Peak: Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania rises to 5,895 metres (19,341 feet) above sea level.
  • Largest Lake: Lake Victoria is 68,800 square kilometres (26,564 square miles) in area and is divided between three countries,Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania.
  • Smallest Country (by land area): The Seychelles, a group of 115 islands located north east of Madagascar.
  • Biggest Country: Algeria, the tenth biggest country in the world.
  • Smallest Nation (of people): Gambia.
  • Languages: over 2,000 different languages.


North America.

North America is massive and there is a huge amount to find out about here. From polar bears in the treelessArctic tundra of Greenland and Canada, to the sun-kissed beaches and coral of St Lucia in the Caribbean. It is a striking and very varied continent.

  • Population: more than half a billion people!
  • Land Mass: 24,680,330 square kilometres (or 95,29,130 square miles). This is the third largest continent after Asia which takes the gold medal for size while Africa that takes the silver.
  • Countries: 23
  • Highest Peak: the USA’s Mount McKinley rises to 6,168 metres (20,237 feet) above sea level. It is Denali (the high one) to the Native Americans of Alaska.
  • Largest Lake: Lake Superior is 82,100 square kilometres (31,700 square miles) in area, about the same size as the country of Panama. It’s the largest lake in the world!
  • Smallest Country (by land area and population): St Kitts and Nevis, a two-island nation in the Caribbean.
  • Biggest Country (by land area): Canada is close to 10 million square kilometres in size. The UK could fit inside its borders forty times over!
  • Largest Nation (of people): the USA is home to almost 312 million, more than half of the population of North America.
  • Languages: English, Spanish and French are most commonly spoken. In the Canadian state of Quebec four of every five people speak French at home.

On the border of the USA and Canada, the spell-binding Niagara Falls is one of the most visited natural wonders of North America. Also super popular with tourists are the USA’s awesome Grand Canyon and therainforests of Costa Rica.

South America.

  • Population: about 390 million, but that’s only half the amount that live in Europe.
  • Land Area17,815,420 square kilometres (6,878,570 square miles) or 12% of the world’s land area.
  • Countries12
  • Highest PeakCerro Aconcagua is located in Argentina and rises to 6959 metres (22,832 feet) above sea level.
  • Largest LakeLake Titicaca, on the border of Peru and Bolivia.
  • Smallest Country (by land area and population): Suriname, which could fit into Brazil 50 times over!
  • Biggest Country (by land area and population) Brazil
  • Languages: Hola! Portuguese and Spanish are the most common languages but in Brazil 180 languages are spoken.

Cerro Aconcagua is South America’s highest peak and at 6956 metres above sea level it is, in fact, the tallest mountain outside Asia. Talking of tall, Angel Falls drops 807 metres (2,648 feet) making it the highestwaterfall in the world and the pride of Venezuela along with the enormous tabletop mountain, named Auyantepui that it flows over.

The Oceans. Added by Miss Lemont.
More is known about space than the oceans, which seems strange when there is more water than land on the Earth’s surface!

– Nearly all the water on Earth is in the seas and oceans.

– Nearly a million different types of animal live in the world’s oceans, and many of these have never been seen before and don’t have names yet.

– Scientists have recently been able to go to the bottom of the ocean and found lots of strange fish there. Because it is so dark at the bottom of the ocean, these fish have to make their own light.

– Another interesting part of the ocean is the Great Barrier Reef which has lots of coral.

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– The deepest part of the ocean is in the Pacific Ocean. This part is called the Challenger Deep in the Marina Trench. If you were stood at the bottom of the ocean floor here, you would have to go almost as high as Mount Everest to get back to the surface of the water where the boats are!

 

 

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